Daily Gallipoli Tour
The Gallipoli Peninsula is located in Turkish Thrace, the European part of Turkey, with the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles straits to the east. The Gallipoli Campaign, a notable failed offensive by the Allies in World War I, took place on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. The campaign is often considered as marking the birth of national consciousness in Australia and New Zealand and the date of the landing, 25 April, is known as “Anzac Day”. It remains as the most significant commemoration of military casualties and veterans in those two countries, surpassing Remembrance Day (Armistice Day). Gallipoli is app. 270 km away from Istanbul and can be easly visited while staying there.
The Kabatepe Museum (or Gallipoli Museum) is located within the Gallipoli Historic National Park. It commemorates the Gallipoli Campaign, now considered a defining moment in the modern history of not only Turkey, but of Australia and New Zealand as well. The museum hosts numerous relics from the campaign, including weapons, ammunition, uniforms, photographs, letters written by the soldiers to their families, and private belongings such as shaving tools, cocoa cases, leather flasks etc.
The Anzac and Suvla cemeteries are first signposted from the left hand junction of the Eceabat- Bigali road.
At 9.8 kms you will find the cemetery on the left hand side of the coast road. Beach cemetery is situated on what was known as Hell Spit, at the Southern point of Anzac Cove. The graves lie between the Kelia – Suvla Road and the beach.
It became famous as the site of World War I landing of the ANZAC on 25 April 1915. The cove is a mere 600 metres (2,000 ft) long bounded by the headlands of Arıburnu to the north and Little Arıburnu, known as Hell Spit, to the south. Following the landing at Anzac Cove, the beach became the main base for the Australian and New Zealand troops for the eight months of the Gallipoli campaign.
Ari Burnu Cemetery
Ari Burnu Cemetery lies between cliff under the plateau and beach and it is almost 1000 m northwest of Lone Pine. It was begun during the campaign and was used throughout the occupation. Today there are 253 commonwealth serviceman of the World War I buried and some commemorated in Ari Burnu cemetery. 211 of casualties are identified. This cemetery covers an area of 1824 sq meters.
Australian Memorial at Lone Pine
The Lone Pine was a solitary tree on the Gallipoli Peninsula, which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in 1915. Pines which are planted as a memorial to the Australian and New Zealand soldiers who fought in Gallipoli are also known as “Lone Pines” or “Gallipoli Pines”, referencing the original tree.
Johnston’s Jolly Cemetery
It called Johnston’s Jolly because it was opposite Colonel George Johnston’s field artillery position. It is located on the northern part of Plateau 400. Johnston’s Jolly was captured by the 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade on 25 April 1915, the day of the landing, but recaptured by Turkish forces the following day and remained under Turkish control for the rest of the campaign.
57th Regiment Turkish Memorial
The 57th Infantry Regiment Memorial is a Turkish war memorial commemorating the men of the Turkish 57th Infantry Regiment who died during the Battle of Gallipoli. The battles at Gallipoli were an eight-month campaign fought by British Empire and French forces against the Ottoman Empire in an attempt to force Turkey out of the war and to open a supply route to Russia through the Dardanelles and the Black Sea.
The Nek and Walker’s Ridge
The Battle of the Nek was a small World War I battle fought as part of the Gallipoli campaign. “The Nek” was a narrow stretch of ridge in the Anzac battlefield on the Gallipoli peninsula. The name derives from the Afrikaans word for a “mountain pass” but the terrain itself was a perfect bottleneck and easy to defend, as had been proven during an Ottoman attack in May. It connected the Anzac trenches on the ridge known as “Russell’s Top” to the knoll called “Baby 700” on which the Ottoman defenders were entrenched. On 7 August 1915 two regiments of the Australian 3rd Light Horse Brigade mounted a tragic and futile attack on the Ottoman trenches on Baby 700. The battle became known as “Godley’s abattoir”.
Chunuk Bair Cemetery and NZ Memorial
One of New Zealand’s epic stands on the Gallipoli Peninsula was in the heat of August 1915 at Chunuk Bair, one of the three high points on the Sari Bair range. These were the main objectives of the Anzacs’ offensive of early August 1915 when they tried to break out of the stalemate with the Turks in the Anzac sector.
The New Zealand Infantry Brigade advanced up Chailak Dere and Sazli Beit Dere during the night of 6-7 August to capture Chunuk Bair. Earlier, their way had been opened by the New Zealand mounted rifles units and the Maori Contingent, which had captured key points (including Old No 3 Outpost and Table Top) guarding the valleys in daring night assaults.