First day – Ephesus
You will be picked up from Izmir Adnan Menderes Airport for your Ephesus tour and hotel transfer.
House of Virgin Mary
The House of the Virgin Mary is a Catholic and Muslim shrine located on Mt. Koressos (Turkish: Bulbuldagı, “Mount Nightingale”) in the vicinity of Ephesus.
The House was discovered in the 19th century by following the descriptions in the reported visions of Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich (1774–1824), a Roman Catholic nun and visionary, which were published as a book by Clemens Brentano after her death. The Catholic Church has never pronounced in favour or against the authenticity of the House, but nevertheless maintains a steady flow of pilgrimage since its discovery.
Ephesus was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia, three kilometers southwest of present-day Selçuk in Izmir Province, Turkey. It was built in the 10th century BC on the site of the former Arzawan capital by Attic and Ionian Greek colonists. During the Classical Greek era, it was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. The city flourished after it came under the control of the Roman Republic in 129 BC. According to estimates, Ephesus had a population of 33,600 to 56,000 people in the Roman period, making it the third largest city of Roman Asia Minor after Sardis and Alexandria Troas.
Temple of Artemis
The Temple of Artemis or Artemision, also known less precisely as the Temple of Diana, was a Greek temple dedicated to the goddess Artemis and is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was completely rebuilt three times before its eventual destruction in 401. The first sanctuary antedated the Ionic immigration by many years, and dates to the Bronze Age. Callimachus, in his Hymn to Artemis, attributed it to the Amazons.
Isa Bey Mosque
The Isa bey Mosque, constructed in 1374–75, is one of the oldest and most impressive works of architectural art remaining from the Anatolian beyliks. The plans for the mosque are based on the Great Mosque of Damascus. It is situated on the outskirts of the Ayaslug Hills at Selcuk, Izmir.
Basilica of St. John
It was constructed by Justinian I in the 6th century and stands over the believed burial site of John the Apostle. The Basilica was modeled after the now lost Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople. Construction of the church began in about 536 and was dedicated on the eve of the feast day of the Princes of the Apostles on June 28, 550 and completed in 565. The building of this church was presided over by the bishop, Hypatius of Ephesus.
You will be transfered to your hotel at Kusadasi.
Second day – Pamukkale
You will be picked from your hotel at 08:30 a.m.
We will drive to the east of Kusadasi for 3 hours, to Pamukkale (Hierapolis). On the half way, you will have a short rest break. You will arrive at North Gate of Pamukkale (Hierapolis) where the ruins are comprise an archaeological museum designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You will see the Necropolis (Cemetery) of Hierapolis which is one of the biggest ancient cemeteries in Anatolia with 1.200 graves, Roman Bath, Domitian Gate, and the Main Street, Byzantium Gate.
You will walk to the natural warm water terraces which were formed by running warm water that contains calcium. The temperature of the water is about 35 celsius. You can see the gleaming white travertine terraces of Pamukkale, located next to the ruins of Hierapolis. The layers of white calcium carbonate, built up in steps on the plateau, gave the site the name Pamukkale “cotton castle”.
The Cleopatra Pool is warmed by hot springs and littered with underwater fragments of ancient marble columns. Possibly associated with the Temple of Apollo, the pool provides today’s visitors a rare opportunity to swim with antiquities! During the Roman period, columned porticoes surrounded the pool; earthquakes toppled them into the water where they lie today.